Alice's Restaurant is a 1969 American comedy film directed by Arthur Penn. It is an adaptation of the 1967 folk song "Alice's Restaurant Massacree", originally written and sung by Arlo Guthrie. The film stars Guthrie as himself, with Pat Quinn as Alice Brock and James Broderick as Ray Brock. Penn, who resided in the story's setting of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, co-wrote the story with Venable Herndon in 1967 after hearing the song, shortly after completing Bonnie & Clyde.
Alice's Restaurant was released on August 19, 1969, a few days after Guthrie appeared at the Woodstock Festival. A soundtrack album for the film was also released by United Artists Records. The soundtrack includes a studio version of the title song, which was originally divided into two parts (one for each album side); a 1998 CD reissue on the Rykodisc label presents this version of the song in full, and adds several bonus tracks to the original LP.
In 1965, Arlo Guthrie (as himself) has attempted to avoid the draft by attending college in Montana. His long hair and unorthodox approach to study gets him in trouble with local police as well as residents. He quits school, and subsequently hitchhikes back East. He first visits his father Woody Guthrie (Joseph Boley) in the hospital.
Arlo ultimately returns to his friends Ray (James Broderick) and Alice Brock (Pat Quinn) at their home, a deconsecrated church in Great Barrington, Massachusetts where they welcome friends and like-minded bohemian types to "crash". Among these are Arlo's school friend Roger (Geoff Outlaw) and artist Shelley (Michael McClanathan), an ex-heroin addict who is in a motorcycle racing club. Alice is starting up a restaurant in nearby Stockbridge. Frustrated with Ray's lackadaisical attitude, she has an affair with Shelley, and ultimately leaves for New York to visit Arlo and Roger. Ray comes to take her home, saying he has invited a "few" friends for Thanksgiving.
The central point of the film is the story told in the song: After Thanksgiving dinner, Arlo and his friends decide to do Alice and Ray a favor by taking several months worth of garbage from their house to the town dump. After loading up a red VW microbus with the garbage, and "shovels, and rakes and other implements of destruction", they head for the dump. Finding the dump closed for the holiday, they drive around and discover a pile of garbage that someone else had placed at the bottom of a short cliff. At that point, as mentioned in the song, "...we decided that one big pile is better than two little piles, and rather than bring that one up we decided to throw ours down."
The next morning they receive a phone call from "Officer Obie" (Police Chief William Obanhein as himself), who asks them about the garbage. After admitting to littering, they agree to pick up the garbage and to meet him at the police officers' station. Loading up the red VW microbus, they head to the police station where they are immediately arrested.
As the song puts it, they are then driven to the quote scene of the crime unquote where the police are engaged in a hugely elaborate investigation. At the trial, Officer Obie is anxiously awaiting the chance to show the judge the 27 8x10 color glossy photos of the crime but the judge (James Hannon as himself) happens to be blind, using a seeing eye dog, and simply levies a $50 fine, orders them to pick up the garbage and then sets them free. The garbage is eventually taken to New York and placed on a barge. Meanwhile, Arlo has fallen in love with a beautiful Asian girl, Mari-chan (Tina Chen).
Later in the movie, Arlo is called up for the draft, in a surreal depiction of the bureaucracy at the New York City military induction center on Whitehall Street. He attempts twice to make himself unfit for induction, first by getting drunk the night before and performing the physical exams while hung over, then by acting like a homicidal maniac in front of the psychiatrist, but fails both times (the latter incident actually gets him praise). Because of Guthrie's criminal record for littering, he is first sent to the Group W bench (where convicts wait), then outright rejected as unfit for military service, not because of the littering incident, but because the government is suspicious of "his kind" and instead opted to submit his personal records to Washington, DC.
Upon returning to the church, Arlo finds Ray and members of the motorcycle club showing home movies of a recent race. Shelley enters, obviously high, and Ray beats him until he reveals his stash of heroin, concealed in some art he has been working on. Shelley roars off into the night on his motorcycle to his death; the next day, Woody dies. Ray and Alice have a hippie-style wedding in the church, and a drunken Ray proposes to sell the church and start a country commune instead, revealing that he blames himself for Shelley's death. The film ends with Alice standing alone in her bedraggled wedding gown on the church steps.
Arlo Guthrie as Himself
Pat Quinn as Alice Brock
James Broderick as Ray Brock
Pete Seeger as Himself
Lee Hays as Himself – Reverend at Evangelical Meeting
Michael McClanathan as Shelly
Geoff Outlaw as Roger Crowther
Tina Chen as Mari-chan
Kathleen Dabney as Karin
William Obanhein as Himself – Officer Obie
James Hannon as Himself – the blind judge
Seth Allen as Evangelist
Monroe Arnold as Bluegrass
Joseph Boley as Woody Guthrie
Vinnette Carroll as Draft Clerk
Sylvia Davis as Marjorie Guthrie
Simm Landres as Private Jacob / Jake
Eulalie Noble as Ruth
Louis Beachner as Dean
MacIntyre Dixon as First Deconsecration Minister
Arthur Pierce Middleton as Second Deconsecration Minister
Donald Marye as Funeral Director
Shelley Plimpton as Reenie
M. Emmet Walsh as Group W Sergeant
The real Alice Brock makes a number of cameo appearances in the film. In the scene where Ray and friends are installing insulation, she is wearing a brown turtleneck top and has her hair pulled into a ponytail. In the Thanksgiving dinner scene, she is wearing a bright pink blouse. In the wedding scene, she is wearing a Western-style dress.
Stockbridge police chief William Obanhein ("Officer Obie") plays himself in the film, explaining to Newsweek magazine that making himself look like a fool was preferable to having somebody else make him look like a fool.Judge James E. Hannon, who presided over the littering trial, also appears as himself in the film.Many of Guthrie's real-life associates in Stockbridge made appearances as extras, and Penn, who himself had a home in Stockbridge,spent time living among them in an effort to grasp their lifestyle.Guthrie and all of the extras were housed at the same hotel during filming of scenes outside Stockbridge, but Guthrie received star treatment; a limousine was provided for Guthrie each morning while the others had to find their own transportation for filming. This strained the relations between Guthrie and his friends for many years.Much of the film was recorded in Stockbridge.
The film also features the first credited film appearance of character actor M. Emmet Walsh, playing the Group W sergeant. (Walsh had previously appeared as an uncredited extra in Midnight Cowboy, released three months prior.) The film also features cameo appearances by American folksingers/songwriters Lee Hays (playing a reverend at an evangelical meeting) and Pete Seeger (playing himself).
The original song "Alice's Restaurant Massacree" that formed the basis for the film's central plotline was, for the most part, a true story. However, other than this and the hippie wedding at the end of the film, most of the other events and characters in the film were fictional creations of the screenplay's writers. According to Guthrie, commenting in the DVD's audio commentary section, the film used the names of real people but took numerous liberties with actual events. Richard Robbins, Guthrie's co-defendant in real-life, was replaced by the fictional Roger Crowther for the film (in the song, he remained anonymous). The subplots involving the Shelly character were completely fictional and not based on any real people or incidents in Guthrie's life;his character's motorcycle club was loosely based on the Trinity Motorcycle Club (or, by a conflicting account, the Triangle Motorcycle Club), a real-life group of cyclists that associated with the Brocks and were alluded to in another Guthrie song, the "Motorcycle Song."The film also has Guthrie being forced to leave a Montana town after "creating a disturbance" – i.e., several town residents object to Guthrie's long hair, and gang up to throw him through a plate glass window. This never happened, and Guthrie expresses regret that Montana got a "bad rap" in the film. In reality, during the time of the littering incident and trial, Guthrie was still enrolled in a Montana college, and was only in Stockbridge for the long Thanksgiving weekend (he would drop out of college at the end of the semester).
Alice Brock has spoken very negatively of the film's portrayal of her. She stated in a 2014 interview "That wasn’t me. That was someone else’s idea of me."She took particular offense at the film falsely implying that she had slept with Guthrie (among others) and noted that she had never associated with heroin users.She also noted that the song and film brought a large amount of unwanted publicity: "It just really impinged on your privacy. It’s just amazing how brazen people can be when you’re a supposed public figure(…) We sold the church at that point." Richard Robbins, who did not consent to his likeness being used in the film, described almost all the additions to the story as "all fiction" and "complete bull."
Critical reception of the film has wavered between seeing the film as light entertainment and as a political statement. In 2009, Politics Daily wrote that, "calling the 1969 film a comedy misses its noir backbeat of betrayed romanticism, and thinking of it as a madcap autobiography misses its politics. This is a movie driven by the military draft and the Vietnam War".
Upon its initial release, Newsweek called the film "the best of a number of remarkable new films which seem to question many of the traditional assumptions of establishment America."
When interviewed in 1971, the film's director, Arthur Penn, said of the film: "What I tried to deal with is the US's silence and how we can best respond to that silence. ... I wanted to show that the US is a country paralyzed by fear, that people were afraid of losing all they hold dear to them. It's the new generation that's trying to save everything".
In being offered the opinion that violence is not so important in the film, Penn replied: "Alice's Restaurant is a film of potential transition because the characters know, in some way, what they are looking for. ... It's important to remember that the characters in Alice's Restaurant are middle-class whites. They aren't poor or hungry or working class. They are not in the same boat as African Americans. But they're not militants either. In this respect the church dwellers are not particularly threatening. They find it easy to live there, even if most people can't afford such a luxury. From this point of view, this film depicts a very specific social class. It's a bourgeois film".
The final scene is not of a loving couple seeing off their guests, but of Alice standing alone looking into the distance, watching the guests leave, as if knowing that her future is in fact bleak with Ray.Coincidentally, the real Alice and Ray finalized their divorce on the same day the wedding scene was filmed.Arthur Penn has said that the final scene was intended as comment on the inevitable passing of the counterculture dream: "In fact, that last image of Alice on the church steps is intended to freeze time, to say that this paradise doesn’t exist any more, it can only endure in memory".Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune listed Alice's Restaurant as third best film of 1969.
The film grossed $6,300,000in the United States, making it the 23rd highest-grossing film of 1969.
Nominated for Academy Award for Best Director (1969) – Arthur Penn
Nominated for Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen (1970) – Venable Herndon, Arthur Penn
Third Place – Laurel Awards – Golden Laurel for Comedy (1970)
Nominated for British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards – Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music (1971) – Arlo Guthrie
一部由 Arthur Penn执导的1969年美国喜剧电影。它改编自1967年的民歌 “ Alice's Restaurant Massacree ”，最初是由 Arlo Guthrie编写和演唱的。这部电影以Guthrie为自己，而 Pat Quinn饰演Alice Brock， James Broderick饰演Ray Brock。住在马萨诸塞州斯托克布里奇故事中的佩恩在完成邦妮和克莱德之后不久，在听完这首歌后，于1967年与维纳特赫恩顿共同撰写了这个故事。
1965年，Arlo Guthrie（他本人）试图通过在蒙大拿州上大学来避免选秀。他的长发和非正统的学习方式使他与当地警察和居民一起陷入困境。他退学了，随后又回到了东部。他首先在医院探望他的父亲Woody Guthrie（Joseph Boley）。
Arlo最终回到了他的朋友Ray（James Broderick）和Alice Brock（Pat Quinn）的家中，这是一家位于马萨诸塞州Great Barrington的deconsecrated教堂，他们欢迎朋友和志同道合的波西米亚风格“崩溃”。其中有奥尔罗的学校的朋友罗杰（杰夫·奥特洛）和艺术家雪莱（迈克尔·麦克纳森），一名前海洛因成瘾者谁是在飙车俱乐部。爱丽丝正在斯托克布里奇附近开办一家餐馆。她对雷的缺乏态度感到沮丧，她与雪莱有染，最终离开纽约前往阿罗和罗杰。雷来带她回家，说他邀请了一些“少数”朋友参加感恩节。
Pat Quinn饰演Alice Brock
James Broderick饰演Ray Brock
李海斯自己 - 在福音派会议上牧师
Geoff Outlaw饰演Roger Crowther
William Obanhein饰演自己 - 奥比军官
詹姆斯汉农作为自己 - 盲目的法官
Sylvia Davis饰演Marjorie Guthrie
M. Emmet Walsh担任W组中士
Stockbridge警察局长William Obanhein（“奥比军官”）在电影中饰演自己，向“新闻周刊”杂志解释说让自己看起来像个傻瓜比让别人让他看起来像个傻瓜更可取。主持乱抛垃圾审判的法官詹姆斯·汉农（James E. Hannon）也出现在电影中。Guthrie在Stockbridge的许多现实生活中扮演的角色都是临时演员，Penn本人在Stockbridge有家，花时间与他们共同生活，努力掌握他们的生活方式。Guthrie和所有演员在拍摄Stockbridge外面的场景时被安置在同一家酒店，但Guthrie获得了明星待遇; 每天早上为Guthrie提供一辆豪华轿车，而其他人则必须找到自己的拍摄交通工具。这使Guthrie和他的朋友之间的关系多年来紧张。这部电影大部分都是在斯托克布里奇录制的。
这部电影还有角色演员M. Emmet Walsh首次亮相的电影，扮演W组中士。（Walsh此前曾在午夜牛仔中出现过三个月前发布的未经授权的额外内容。）这部电影还有美国民谣歌手/词曲作者Lee Hays（在福音派会议上扮演一个牧师）和Pete Seeger（扮演自己）的角色出场。
原本歌曲“爱丽丝的餐厅大屠杀”构成了电影中央情节线的基础，在很大程度上是一个真实的故事。然而，除了这个以及电影结尾的嬉皮婚礼，电影中的大多数其他事件和角色都是剧本作家的虚构创作。据Guthrie在DVD的音频评论部分评论，这部电影使用了真人的名字，但却对实际事件采取了许多自由。古斯里在现实生活中的共同被告理查德罗宾斯被电影中的虚构罗杰克劳瑟所取代（在歌曲中，他仍然是匿名的）。涉及雪莉角色的次要情节完全是虚构的，并非基于格思里生活中任何真实的人或事件; 他的角色的摩托车俱乐部基于三位一体的摩托车俱乐部（或者，由一个相互冲突的账户，三角摩托车俱乐部），一群真实的骑自行车者，与布洛克斯有关，并在另一个Guthrie歌曲中提到， “摩托车之歌”。这部电影还让Guthrie在“制造干扰”之后被迫离开蒙大拿州的城镇 - 也就是说，几个城镇居民反对Guthrie的长发，并帮他把他扔进一个平板玻璃窗。这从未发生过，Guthrie对蒙大拿在电影中遭遇“糟糕说唱”表示遗憾。实际上，在乱扔垃圾事件和审判期间，Guthrie仍然在蒙大拿州大学就读，并且在感恩节长周末只在Stockbridge（他将在学期结束时辍学）。
爱丽丝布洛克对电影对她的描写非常消极。她在2014年的采访中说：“那不是我。这是别人对我的想法。” 她对这部电影采取了特别的攻击，错误地暗示她曾与格思里（以及其他人）一起睡过，并指出她从未与海洛因使用者联系过。她还指出，这首歌和电影带来了大量不必要的宣传：“它只是真正影响了你的隐私。当你是一个被认为的公众人物时，这是多么令人惊讶的人们是无耻的.....我们卖掉了那时的教堂。”理查德·罗宾斯（Richard Robbins）不同意他在电影中使用的肖像，他将故事的几乎所有内容描述为“所有小说”和“完整的公牛”。电影的重要接受在将电影视为轻娱乐和政治声明之间摇摆不定。2009年，“ 政治日报”写道，“将这部1969年的电影称为喜剧片，错过了其背叛浪漫主义的黑色背景，并将其视为疯狂的自传，错过了它的政治。这是一部由军事选秀和越南战争驱动的电影”。
最后一幕不是一对情侣看到他们的客人，而是爱丽丝独自站在远处看着客人离开，仿佛知道她的未来实际上是对雷的黯淡。巧合的是，真正的爱丽丝和雷在拍摄婚礼现场的同一天完成了他们的离婚。亚瑟·佩恩曾表示，最后一幕的目的是评论反文化梦想不可避免的传递：“事实上，爱丽丝在教堂台阶上的最后一张照片是为了冻结时间，说这个天堂没有。” 它不再存在，它只能在记忆中存在”。 “ 芝加哥论坛报”的吉恩·西斯克尔将爱丽丝餐厅列为1969年第三好的电影。
被提名为美国作家协会 奖为直接写在屏幕最佳戏剧（1970） -赫恩登范纳宝，阿瑟佩恩
第三名 - 劳雷尔奖 - 金色桂冠喜剧（1970）
获得英国电影电视艺术学院 奖提名 - 安东尼阿斯奎斯电影音乐奖（1971年） - Arlo Guthrie
*** *** *** *** *** References *** *** *** *** ***
^ "All-time Film Rental Champs", Variety, 7 January 1976 p 46
^ "Box Office Information for Alice's Restaurant". The Numbers. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
^ Cummings, Paula (November 21, 2017). Interview: Arlo Guthrie Carries On Thanksgiving Traditions And Fulfills Family Legacy. NYS Music. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
^ Zimmerman, Paul D. (September 29, 1969). "Alice's Restaurant's Children." Newsweek, page 103.
^ Doyle, Patrick (November 26, 2014). Arlo Guthrie looks back on 50 years of Alice's Restaurant. Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
^ Arlo Guthrie's Alice is alive, glad to be here. The Wall Street Journal via the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (November 22, 2006). Retrieved September 8, 2017.
^ Brown, Jane Roy (February 24, 2008). After Alice's restaurants. The Boston Globe. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
^ Giuliano, Charles (March 27, 2014). Alice’s Restaurant Returns to the Berkshires. Berkshire Fine Arts. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
^ James Grady, "Thanksgiving at Alice's Restaurant: The Guthries' American Dream Lives On", Politics Daily, 25.11.2009.
^ Zimmerman, Paul (September 29, 1969). "Alice's Restaurant's Children". Newsweek: 101–106.
^ Arthur Penn (2008). Arthur Penn: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-60473-105-7.
^ M. Chaiken and P. Cronin (eds), Arthur Penn Interviews. University Press of Mississippi, 1998, p. 65.
^ M. Chaiken and P. Cronin (eds), Arthur Penn Interviews. University Press of Mississippi, 1998.
^ Cineaste (December 1993). "Arthur Penn Interview". cineaste. XX (2). Archived from the original on 14 September 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
^ Siskel and Ebert Top Ten Lists. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
^ Awards Information for Alice's Restaurant. IMDb. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
*** *** *** *** *** External links*** *** *** *** ***
^Alice's Restaurant on IMDb
^Alice's Restaurant at the TCM Movie Database
^DVD Times Review