As far as I see, the film is pretty provocative in terms of its representation of social and sexual relationship, and gender dynamic. What’s been noticed is an absence of male/masculinity. Except the died son Esteban and Rosa’s aging father, there is not a single significant/powerful male character in the whole film. Thus we might start to think about how this absence would influence(or not) on those females. Almodovar just radically deconstructs the patriarchy with this complicated story that integrates heterosexual female, homosexual female, transsexual female, nun and prostitute and provokes an interesting open-ended question on how we would then view or relate to the female identity in this context.
It’s really interesting to see the representations of women in the film, where the prostitution and nun are put together, normal female and transsexual are put together, heterosexual and homosexual are put together, but with no distinctions. The film really invited the audience to rethink and reflect on how the socially constructed notions on the minority(e.g. prostitute, queer, transsexuality) are and how they can be possibly reconstructed.