Sir Ernest Shackleton, Leader
Frank Wild, Second-in-Command
Frank Worsley, Captain
Lionel Greenstreet, First Officer
Tom Crean, Second Officer
Alfred Cheetham, Third Officer
Hubert Hudson, Navigator
Lewis Rickinson, Engineer
Alexander Kerr, Engineer
Alexander Macklin, Surgeon
James McIlroy, Surgeon
Sir James Wordie, Geologist
Leonard Hussey, Meteorologist
Reginald James, Physicist
Robert Clark, Biologist
Frank Hurley, Photographer
George Marston, Artist
Thomas Orde-Lees, Motor Expert and Storekeeper
Harry "Chippy" McNish, Carpenter
Charles Green, Cook
Walter How, Able Seaman
William Bakewell, Able Seaman
Timothy McCarthy, Able Seaman
Thomas McLeod, Able Seaman
John Vincent, Boatswain
Ernest Holness, Stoker
William Stephenson, Stoker
Perce Blackborow, Steward
First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill,
viewed the famous explorer as a mere adventurer and dismissed his latest project.
"Enough life and money has been spent on this sterile quest," he wrote. The pole has already been discovered. What is the use of another expedition?"
Shackleton's family motto:"By endurance we conquer."
A local priest romantically described these whalers as a "motley race of former noblemen and other fallen creatures who now strip blubber or render oil. Many, if not most, are at odds with life."
Ernest Shackleton had something in common with these loners and outsiders.
Mrs. Chippy, the carpenter's popular tomcat also along for the ride, had fallen overboard on the outward journey. The ship had turned around to pick him up.
There is nothing that can crush a man as to see his dreams crumble to the dust. But no the other hand, he realized if the one goal had disappeared, we'll have another one. And so, if I can't cross the continent, I'm going to bring all my men back alive.
chippy, authority meant nothing to him.
earlier, the carpenter had proposed to build a sloop from the wreckage of the Endurance. Shackleton had rejected the plan.
No leader on the edge of survival can tolerate the least threat to his authority. And Shackleton, in fact, was prepared to shoot the carpenter if necessary. And he would have been justified because there was a hidden danger here. That the carpenter was only voicing the opinions of two or three other members of the crew, and more for all we know. And had this not been crushed immediately the whole party would have disintegrated.
Two days after the standoff with McNish Shackleton was forced to realize his own error.
Marston and Hurley remained outside shelling limpets picked in the shallows.
An ecstatic welcome greeted Shackleton in Punta Arenas. Although Germany was at war with Britain, the German community raised flags of celebration.
Most members of the expedition were awarded the Polar Medal, but Shackleton withheld this honor from McNish and three others.
"We have seen God in his splendors, heard the text that nature renders. We had reached the naked soul of man."
Mrs. Chippy and Blackborow